Modernization of the education system
The orientation law on education and school instruction, promulgated in 2002, was aimed at conferring more efficiency on the education system, at adapting it to the needs of the economic fabric, and at reinforcing its capacity to identify innovative mechanisms and improve the employability of young people. This in addition to the creation of new areas of study related to advanced technological fields, and the promotion of the occupations of the future, especially in light of the growing importance of the immaterial economy.
The number of students has considerably increased to reach 344,000 at the beginning of the current academic year, distributed over 10 universities. The rate of success has gone up to 84%. The proportion of young people aged 19-24 enrolled in higher education institutions amounts to 33.3% and is expected to reach 50% by the year 2010.
Employment : A priority of the President
The unemployment rate was brought down to 14.3% in 2003, against 15.8% in 1999. The National Employment Fund has, since its creation, provided training and professional integration for more than 400,000 young persons of both genders. The Fund has also contributed to the emergence of a new generation of promoters.
The social dimension
To materialize the values of solidarity and mutual assistance, a particular attention has been accorded to young people with special needs, through :
Programs of assistance for needy categories
Programs of social and psychological care,
and of social integration
Programs for the rehabilitation of the disabled
Programs for the rehabilitation of delinquent young people